Why No One Talks About Almonds Anymore

How to Care For California Grown Walnut Trees Wood from walnut trees is used for producing fine furniture and their nuts are delicious and highly nutritious. On hot days, the large, arched limbs of the walnut tree provide lots of shade. How Walnut Trees Are Grown The majority of walnut trees that are grown in the U.S. are up 50 feet tall or taller, and are of uniform width. Nuts and shade are the most common reasons for growing walnut trees, with English and Persian black varieties the most popular in the U.S. A mature walnut tree produces up to 80 pounds of nuts every year. With large, delicious nuts, the Persian walnut tree is the most common in California. Several cultivars exist, including Chandler, Ashley, Pedro, Howard, Hartley, Serr Vina, Tehama and Sunland. To avoid the walnut blight, all these cultivars leaf out late in spring. Mediterranean climates, which Persian walnuts are adapted to, have mild winters and this type requires similar conditions. Early ripening varieties of walnuts need 140 to 150 days annually with temperatures of -2 and -6 C (27 and 29 F).
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Planting of Walnut Trees
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Planting your walnut tree is the next step after choosing the variety of walnut you want. Tilling about 12 square feet up to a depth of 10 inches or more will get rid of grass and weeds which would compete with your tree for nutrients and water. After this, dig a hole that is about 1 or 2 inches larger than the root ball of your walnut seedling. Put your walnut seedling in the hole you dug up to a similar depth to the pot or bury its roots between 1 and 2 inches beneath the ground. Tamp down after filling out the hole to eliminate air pockets that may exist around the roots. Water your seedling until the ground is moist, avoiding soaking. Caring For Your Tree Because of their extensive root system, walnut trees do not need constant watering unless the soil’s top 2 inches are dried out. A maturing walnut tree does not require any pruning unless its branches are damaged or dead. Mulch the tree as needed every spring. Harvesting Your Walnuts A walnut grower must be patient. This is because the walnut trees will not produce any nuts until they are roughly 10 years and production peaks at about 30 years of age. What are the signs that the walnuts are ready for harvest? A light tan color tells you that Persian walnuts are ready to be harvested. Commercial walnut producers shake the tree with a limb shaker which has a window to collect the nuts depending on how large a walnut tree is. Shaking the tree manually and collecting fallen nuts is the standard harvesting method for home growers.